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Pyramids At giza

There are no more famous ancient sites within Egypt‚ or for that matter elsewhere in the world‚ than the  Pyramids at Giza. They are‚ without question‚ the icon most associated with the Egypt. Pyramids at Giza have been both the main destination for tourists and a source of imaginative thought to the world for over three thousand years.


However‚ there are actually over 100 pyramids in Egypt‚ many of which are relatively unknown to anyone who is not an ancient Egypt enthusiast. All but a very few are grouped around and near the City of Cairo‚ just south of the Nile Delta. Otherwise‚ only one royal pyramid is known in southern Egypt (at Abydos)‚ that being the one built by Ahmose‚ founder of the 18th Dynasty and the New Kingdom of Egypt. It may have also been the last royal pyramid built in Egypt.


Hence‚ major pyramids were not built throughout the ancient history of Egypt. The Pyramid Age began with a burst of building‚ starting with the 3rd Dynasty reign of Djoser. Some of the early kings‚ most specifically Snefru, built more than one pyramid. Almost all of the kings added to their number through the end of the Middle Kingdom‚ with the possible exception of the First Intermediate Period between the Old and Middle Kingdoms. After the first Pharaoh of the New Kingdom of Egypt‚ Ahmose‚ royal pyramid building by Egyptians ceased entirely.


While pyramids were‚ for the most part‚ tombs for the Pharaohs of Egypt, one must nevertheless question the reason that Egyptian rulers chose this particular shape, and for that matter, why they built them so large. Today, we believe that they chose the shape in order to mimic the Benben, a pyramid shaped stone found in the earliest of temples, which itself is thought to symbolize the primeval mound from which the Egyptians believed life emerged. This also connected the pyramid to Re, the Sun God, as it was he, according to some of the ancient Egypt mythology, who rose from the primeval mound to create life.

 
As far the great size of many of the pyramids in Egypt, we can really only surmise that the Pharaohs were making a statement about their own power and perhaps, about the glory and strength of their country. However, it should also be remembered that many of the latter pyramids were not nearly as large as the Great Pyramids at Giza.


The first of them was not a perfectly formed pyramid. In fact, the first Pyramid we believe that was built in Egypt, that of Djoser, was not a true pyramid at all with smooth sides and a point at the top. Rather, its sides were stepped, and the top of the pyramid truncated with a flat surface. As the Egyptian pyramids evolved, there were failures as well glorious failures until finally, they got it right with what was probably the first smooth sided true pyramid built at Medium. In fact, pyramids continued to evolve throughout their history, perhaps not always in outward appearances, but in the way that they were built and in the theology surrounding their construction.


However, soon after the first pyramids were built, their form became somewhat standardized. Royal pyramid complexes included the main pyramid, a courtyard surrounding the main pyramid, a much smaller cult pyramid for the soul of the Kings, a mortuary temple situated next to the main pyramid, an enclosure wall and a causeway that led down to a valley temple. Some pyramid complexes included subsidiary, smaller pyramids for family members, and most were surrounded by some sort of tombs for family members.


Otherwise, we can also dismiss offhand alternative theories related to aliens or some lost culture being responsible for pyramid building. There is just far too much evidence, including tools, drawings, evolutionary changes, and even worker villages that rule these farfetched ideas obsolete.
However, some mysteries remain, even in some of the best well known Pyramids. The most famous of them all, the Great Pyramid of Khufu, continues, year after year, to give up a few more secrets, and there doubtless remains much to learn from these Egyptian treasures. There may even be one or more pyramids yet to be discovered.

 

Another Places  in  Cairo City

  Ancient Churches In Egypt

  The Egyptian Museum In Egypt

   Khan El Kahlili Bazaars

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